Pneumonia is a serious type of lung infection that can be life threatening too. It’s often a complication of the common cold or flu that happens when the infection spreads to the lungs. Regardless of the developments in the field of medical science, pneumonia can be potentially fatal if not diagnosed and treated on time. Pneumonia during pregnancy is called maternal pneumonia. Therefore, pneumonia during pregnancy can create severe complications that can hinder the normal progress of pregnancy and healthy fetal development.
In case of pneumonia during pregnancy, it is recommended to visit an experienced ob gyn doctor who can advise you the suitable treatment to cure the same. The best way to treat and prevent complications from maternal pneumonia is to find the best gynecologist at the first sign of an illness.
What Causes Pneumonia During Pregnancy?
Due to low immunity during pregnancy, pregnant women are at a higher risk for developing pneumonia. Likewise, the expecting mothers are prone to flu. Any type of respiratory illness during the pregnancy, even if it is a simple cough or flu, could convert into pneumonia if it persists for too long. Due to the bump, the lung capacity also gets slightly hindered, therefore making pregnant women more prone to pneumonia. Pneumonia can develop due to several bacterial and viral infections.
How Is Pneumonia Transmitted During Pregnancy?
Firstly, it can get transmitted via airborne droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person. If a pregnant women who has low immunity power inhale these droplets, then the chances contracting pneumonia increase.
Secondly, it might also get transmitted through blood, mostly during and just after birth.
How Is Pneumonia Treated During Pregnancy?
Treatment of pneumonia during pregnancy is pretty difficult because not all the medicines especially those prescribed for pneumonia can be prescribed as they might affect the normal development of the fetus and progression of pregnancy.
If pneumonia is due to viral infection – This is a much more complicated type of pneumonia. It spreads much faster than bacterial pneumonia. Antibiotics cannot treat viral infections. Antiviral medications are used for treating viral pneumonia during the early stages. This helps alleviate the flu-like symptoms and the spreading of the virus in the body.
If pneumonia is due to bacterial infection – Antibiotic therapy is the main treatment to treat bacterial pneumonia. The cough suppression medicines are used in case of a severe cough. The experienced ob gyn doctors never try to stop a cough altogether because a cough is the main source with which the body gets rid of the phlegm that is accumulated in the lungs.
Can Pneumonia Cause Complications During Pregnancy?
If left untreated, pneumonia can become severe thus causing a variety of complications. Oxygen level in the body starts declining because the lungs are no more able to produce enough of oxygen to transport all throughout the body. Pneumonia may also cause complications in babies. These include premature birth, low birth weight, miscarriage and respiratory failure.
Never ignore or attempt to self-treat persisting cough and flu symptoms. Early diagnosis and timely treatment can bring down the risk associated with pneumonia during pregnancy. There is no home treatment for pneumonia. Find the best gynecologist to get yourself checked before proceeding for your pneumonia treatment and stay safe.